The Indian Question in the Modern US Society — реферат

Content
Content 2
INTRODUCTION 3
CHAPTER 1. CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION 5
1.1. The subject matter of globalization 5
1.2. Americanization and westernization, and culture 8
1.3. Culture within culture. Acculturation. 14
1.4. Categories of acculturation 20
CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 1 24
CHAPTER 2. THE PRESENT DAY OF INDIAN CULTURE 25
2.1. Indian culture and its history 25
2.2. Indian culture today 29
2.2.1 American Indian Clothing and Religion 29
2.2.2. American Indian Hairstyle 33
2.2.3. American Indian food, food customs, other customs and traditions 35
2.2.4. Native American Way of Life nowadays 44
CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 2 46
CONCLUSION 47
BIBLIOGRAPHY 48

INTRODUCTION
Americanization is the influence of the United States on the popular culture, cuisine, technology, business practices, or political techniques of other countries. The term has been used since at least 1907 Inside the U.S. the term most often refers to the process of acculturation by immigrants to American customs.
Critics sometimes give "Americanization" a negative connotation because they perceive as negative the far-reaching American influence in many countries, and may fear the loss of local customs and traditions.
Americanization can refer to the policies of the United States government and public opinion that there is a standard set of cultural values that should be held in common by all citizens. Education was and is viewed as the primary method in the acculturation process. These opinions were harshly applied when it came to Americanization of Native Americans compared to immigrant populations who arrived with their “non-American traditions”. The Americanization policies said that when indigenous people learned American customs and values they would soon merge tribal traditions with European-American culture and peacefully melt into the greater society.
Actuality of this work is that the following Indian problem is one of the central questions in the USA. This country is full of people of different nationalities, and most of them assimilated there, but the Indians stand apart of this
mass. Even after three centuries they did not assimilate and keep their culture and traditions.
Aim of our work is to research the problem of assimilation of Native Americans on the territory of the United States of America.
From our aim we disclose the following scientific tasks:
1) define the notions “Arnericanization” and “acculturation”;
2) stand out types of acculturation;
3) describe the position of the Indians in diachronic aspect;
4) get to know the main laws about Indians;
5) analyze videos, interviews and websites about Native Americans.
The subject is Native American’s way of life, culture, food, traditions, languages, etc.
The object is different documentary films about Native Americans, interviews of famous researches of this sphere, videos with them, and websites about Native Americans.
The aim and goals determinate the structure of our work, it consists from introduction, two chapters, conclusion and list of literature.
In introduction we formulate actuality, aim, scientific tasks and define subject and object matters.
In the first chapter “CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION” we disclose such notions as globalization, Americanization and westemization as its main types, acculturation, accentuate four types of acculturation.
In the second chapter on the practical material we show how Indians live on the territory of the USA today. In conclusion we point out what has changed in the life of Native Americans after European invasion, and how they live today

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